Author: Chris Spark

The Golden Rule is Silver (Chris Spark)

When Jesus, a large number of secularists, and a whole lot of other religions all agree on something, you might figure you are on to something.

“Love you neighbour as yourself.”

This, and it’s close cousin “do unto others as you would have them do unto you”, is a point where many secularists and many non-Christian religious traditions agree quite substantially with Jesus (and the Apostles, who are also big fans – Romans 13:9, Galatians 5:14, James 2:8). I suspect this fact has made this principle a pretty good starting point for a lot of discussion and working together. It seems to be on to something.

This in turn fits with it being referred to as ‘the Golden Rule’, both in general and by Christians in particular.

This is all good stuff. Frankly if any of us are following any part of Jesus’ teaching (as he picked up Old Testament teaching) that can only be good for us and for society as a whole.

However for Christians this will never be enough. And I wonder if some of us are in danger of forgetting that – thinking that if we get the Golden Rule right, we will get everything right.

Problem is, the Golden Rule is actually silver. It is good and vitally important – and frankly we could all do a lot more living it out. But, it is second – silver. It only makes ultimate Christian sense when it is understood in the light of the real Christian Golden Rule.

When someone came up to Jesus and asked him the most important commandment, here is what happened:

29 "The most important one," answered Jesus, "is this: ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. 30 Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’

31 The second is this: ‘Love your neighbour as yourself.’1 There is no commandment greater than these."
(Mark 12:29

Here we see it very plainly – loving God with all our beings is first (the real Christian Golden Rule), and flows into the second, which is loving our neighbours as ourselves (the Christian Silver Rule).

What this does is makes sense of reality – if God is there, he deserves to be loved first. Jesus puts it in that order. But it also ends up providing motivation – if you really love God with all your being, you will love creatures made in his image, and you will have the resources to recognise that all humans are indeed made in his image, and are therefore rightful objects of your love. (When people who call themselves by Christ’s name forget to love in their speech and actions, that is a good opportunity to call us to return to being true to our love of God by loving others.)

In light of this, I have stopped calling ‘love your neighbour’ and ‘do unto others’ the Golden Rule. As the Silver Rule, it is still vitally important, and it can still be stated on its own of course (as Jesus and the apostles do at times). But calling it the Silver (rather than Golden) Rule reminds us that there is indeed another command that is Golden. And that in urn reminds us that to really get the Silver Rule in its depth, with the sorts of implications Jesus saw in it, and to really have the resources to live this Silver Rule out in its Christian fullness, you need the real Golden Rule firmly in your heart and mind first.

But of course, Christians will realise that even knowing that the Golden and Silver Rules go together is not enough to motivate us to keep them when it is really costly – and Jesus clearly thought it would be costly (see the Good Samaritan for example, Luke 10:25-37). The only thing that will really cut it to motivate and resource us to live lives shaped by these rules is the Love to which both rules point – the Love that teaches us how to love both God and neighbour; the Love shown us in the one who loved others (to the point of death) in the way they had positively not loved him; the Love which moved that one to give his whole being – heart, soul, mind and strength – for us, when we didn’t even care for him.

10 This is love: not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins.

11 Dear friends, since God so loved us, we also ought to love one another. (1 John 4:10-11)

REFERENCES TO THE GOLDEN AND SILVER RULES IN THE NEW TESTAMENT

The Two Together:

Matt 22:36-40; Mk 12:28-34; Lk 10:25-8

Love your neighbour as yourself:

Matt 19:19; Rom 13:9; Gal 5:14; James 2:8

Do unto others:

Lk 6:31; Matt 7:12

More Jesus, less Bible? (Chris Spark)

I hate false dichotomies. They are a pet hate of mine. They are almost always a way that an oversimplification starts sounding plausible. If you are A, you can’t be B. Like ‘if you are angry at someone you don’t love them’. Or ‘if you judge someone’s actions to be wrong, you don’t accept that person’. Anger and love are not mutually exclusive – in fact sometimes they are closely related – you are angry because you care about the person. Considering someone’s actions to be wrong and acceptance of that person are similarly not mutually exclusive. When I hear these sorts of false dichotomies claimed or assumed, it drives me crazy.

I was chatting with a wonderful Christian woman a few weeks ago, and our discussion helped me realise that something a lot like a false dichotomy sneaks into Christian thinking quite often. I mean a division between loving Jesus and loving the Bible.

As I say, it is not usually actually a false dichotomy as such. People don’t say ‘if you love the Bible you can’t love Jesus’ or vice versa. Rather, they say things like ‘you love the Bible too much, you need to love Jesus more’. ‘Stop focussing on the Bible and start focussing on Jesus.’ ‘If you focussed on Jesus more and the Bible less, you’d be much more tolerant.’ That sort of thing. It’s as if there is only so much love and focus to go around, so if you love the Bible too much and focus on it too much, then you won’t have any love and focus left over for Jesus. (I don’t think I usually hear it said the other way around – ‘you love Jesus too much, you should love the Bible more’ – maybe you have?)

Now at one level this either/or is understandable. Some people seem to focus on the Bible heaps and not Jesus. Westboro Baptist Church are one group that come to mind – they are famous for picketing funerals with insensitive signs. In a documentary I saw on them, they talked about ‘the Word of God’ a lot (meaning the Bible), but almost never about Jesus. This could have been because of editing by the documentary crew, but I think not. And that sort of attitude might make you think that ‘love Jesus more rather than the Bible’ is a fair thing to say.

But I want to suggest it is completely wrong. If you really want to love Jesus more, you need to focus more on the Bible. And on the other side of the coin, the problem with people who seem to focus on the Bible too much is that actually they don’t focus on the Bible enough.

Sound strange? Let me try to explain.

The Scriptures (aka the Bible) point us to Jesus. There is no doubt that in their Christian form this is what they do. In the New Testament the writers constantly see the entire Old Testament pointing to Jesus, which isn’t surprising seeing as Jesus himself told them that was the case (Luke 24:44-49).
The purpose of the Gospels is clearly to focus us on Jesus – he is the subject of the narrative, and the purpose of bringing people to him is explicitly stated in some cases (eg John 20:30-31).
The New Testament letters absolutely brim with Jesus, showing us what he has done, who he has made us, how we ought to live as his people.
The Scriptures, if we take them seriously and really read them on their own terms, point us to Jesus. And they do that not just so that we would know about Jesus, but so that we would love and obey and cherish him.

So let’s not assume there is a limit of love and focus we have, and therefore we need to split it between Jesus and the Bible. No, rather, let’s listen to what the Bible actually says and let it fill our hearts with love for Jesus.

This will mean two important things for two groups of people – who may be more like each other than it seems at first:

1) When you see an individual or group who seem to love the Bible a lot, but don’t seem to love or act like Jesus, the answer is not for them to spend less time on the Bible. Rather it is for them to actually humbly and honestly read the Bible prayerfully more, to truly love the Bible more, and through it (by the work of the same Spirit who inspired the Bible) to come to love Jesus more. If they take the Bible seriously and humbly and open-mindedly, that can’t help but result in love for Jesus.

2) When you encounter an individual or group who claim to love Jesus greatly, yet have little time for the Bible or in practice dismiss it, it would be fair to question the depth of their love for Jesus. This is simply because the Bible’s very purpose and the intention of its writers is precisely that we love Jesus. It is filled with obedient and humble love for Jesus. So for someone who loves Jesus to not love and seek to obey and live out the Bible would be a very strange thing. The answer, I am so bold as to suggest, is to come again humbly and prayerfully and honestly before the Scriptures and thereby to come to Jesus as he has revealed himself by the Spirit and through his chosen Apostles (again Luke 24:44-49 is a good example of this choosing), and through this to love him more.

Anything less than a commitment to listening humbly and patiently and eagerly and openly and prayerfully to the Bible can only hurt our love for Jesus. And anything less than love for Jesus can only mean we have not really been loving and listening to the Bible.

May God help us all to love Jesus more through the Bible.

Too Heavenly Minded… (Chris Spark)

“They are too heavenly minded to be of any earthly good!”

You may have heard that line floating around. It captures something we have all come across. The attitude of a person who is so caught up in ‘matters of religion’ that they never seem to pay any attention to what is going on at ground level. This person is so focussed on heaven – and in particular probably on the One who is enthroned in heaven – that they are disconnected from the real world, from the mud and the blood and the sweat and, perhaps especially, the tears here on earth. And disconnection from the reality of earth is never a good thing. Especially seeing as it usually means disconnection from people – from the real world of people, from the messy business of being involved in the real lives of real world people.

A couple of weeks ago I looked closely at the second chapter of the first letter of the Apostle Paul to the Christians in the city of Thessalonica (in other words, 1 Thessalonians chapter 2). That chapter showed me something about this idea of being too heavenly minded to be of any earthly good. In fact, it did something I particularly love – it blew apart the false dichotomy that is contained in that pithy little saying.

Paul is the middle of describing his relationship with the Christians in Thessalonica – reminiscing with them over the time he had spent with them not too long before. In chapter 2 he describes the way he feels about them. He uses a series of ‘not…but’ statements – the first being that his visit to Thessalonica was not a waste of time (“not without results”, verse 1), but rather they preached the gospel in spite of the rough time they were having (verse 2).

It starts getting to my point in the second ‘not…but’ statement – their appeal did not come from wrong motives (verse 3), but rather they spoke as men trying to please God. In other words (and to cut a long and interesting story rather short), their major concern was not that they win over people (at all costs), but rather they were concerned about what God thought of them. They were interested in God’s opinion of them above all, as the one who had given them this message to preach. They were, in other words, above all heavenly minded.

So you would think they wouldn’t be much earthly good. And given they weren’t out primarily to please people, that they would keep people and all their messiness at an appropriate distance.

Which is where the dichotomy explosion kicks in. Because the third and biggest ‘not…but’ statement in this chapter goes, I am pretty sure, from verse 5 all the way to verse 8, and then the theme of it is expanded on to the end of verse 11. The contrast here is that they came not with deception or self-seeking (verse 5-7a), but rather with genuine, self-giving, life-sharing love. The depth of the language Paul uses here of the love he and his friends had for the Thessalonians is extraordinary. Paul describes himself as being like both a father and a mother in his affections for them, and talks of them in terms of his ‘earnest desire’ for them (verse 8, rather colourlessly translated as ‘care’ in most English translations). And, vitally in terms of exploding this dichotomy, he says this in verse 8:

“…we were delighted to share with you not only the gospel of Godbut our lives as well,because you had become so dear to us.”

See Paul’s absolute focus on pleasing God, his thorough ‘heavenly mindedness’, resulted in a passion for people, and deep affectionate care. That passion and care meant he shared his life, his very self with them. He got involved in their lives, he shared in their hurts, he cared for them in every way he could. He was so heavenly minded that he was of immense earthly good.

To be honest that isn’t surprising. He was following and proclaiming a saviour who was the son of heaven himself, the very mind of heaven, who yet came and made his home on earth – precisely in the mud and the blood, the sweat and definitely the tears. Jesus was the heavenly mind doing the ultimate earthly good. Paul was simply learning and showing what it meant to follow Jesus.

So my question to myself, and to us all, is this: do we desire to please God enough that it spills over into passionate affection for people? Are we caught up with the mind of our saviour enough that sharing our lives with others is the natural overflow of our love? Or: are we heavenly minded enough to be of true earthly good?

God Works in Obedient Ways (Chris Spark)

Leading up to Christmas I’ve had cause to dwell on a story in Matthew chapter 1 a little bit, and I have seen something I think is beautiful.

It’s only a short passage, so here it is:

The birth of Jesus Christ came about this way: After His mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, it was discovered before they came together that she was pregnant by the Holy Spirit.19 So her husband Joseph, being a righteous man,and not wanting to disgrace her publicly, decided to divorce her secretly.

20 But after he had considered these things, an angel of the Lord suddenly appeared to him in a dream, saying, "Joseph, son of David, don’t be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because what has been conceived in her is by the Holy Spirit. 21 She will give birth to a son, and you are to name Him Jesus,12 because He will save His people from their sins."

22 Now all this took place to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet: 23 See, the virgin will become pregnant and give birth to a son, and they will name Him Immanuel, which is translated "God is with us."

24 When Joseph got up from sleeping, he did as the Lord’s angel had commanded him. He married her 25 but did not know her intimately until she gave birth to a son.And he named Him Jesus.

(Matthew 1:18-25 HCSB)

There are any number of discussions that we could have about this story, and the way it connects more widely to the birth narrative in Matthew. But the thing I have noticed for the first time is the simple beauty of Joseph’s response here. I’ll try to show you what I mean with a little sequence:

  1. This is a real world story. I know the occurrence is incredibly out of the ordinary (which we might not be completely bewildering if the God of the universe did indeed step into his creation). But what I mean is that Joseph’s reaction shows he did indeed understand the way of the birds and the bees, and felt the incredible weight of the obvious implication of Mary’s pregnancy. That’s why he was looking to divorce her (legal procedures were necessary for breaking an engagement in that time and culture).
  2. Even with feeling the weight of the situation, Joseph was seeking to be merciful and compassionate rather than vengeful. He wanted to divorce her quietly and save her public shame. This was characteristic of him it seems.
  3. When it did become clear that something different and unique was happening in this pregnancy, he had to follow a hard call. He was effectively commanded to welcome the woman he thought had been unfaithful, and the child he had not fathered, into his life. Indeed he is told here to name Jesus – implying Joseph was to take Jesus on as his own son. That is a hard call.
  4. Joseph chose to be obedient to God in the face of the hard call, and to risk the shame of taking on this woman and the child in her womb.
  5. Through that simple (but hard) act of obedience, he became involved in the greatest moment of salvation history up to that point – as God entered into his creation with rescuing, freeing and transforming intent.

Similar things could be said of Mary’s humble and obedient attitude in Luke 1:26-38.

This reminded me of simple acts of obedience and trust in God that I have seen in others, and that God has used to influence me. For instance the person who in a quiet and humble and very simple way owned his Christian faith, and through that opened a way for me to talk to him about Christianity before I was a Christian. And then the same humble quiet guy humbly and quietly invited me to church – which I refused at the time. After a little while he got the guts to humbly offer me a sermon on cassette tape (it was 14 years ago!) which broke down some of the walls I had up when it came to Jesus.

God uses the simple obedience and trust of faithful people to do amazing things in his work of salvation. He did at the first Christmas through Joseph and Mary; he still does. I hope that can inspire us to simple trust and obedience once again, and motivate us to pray for the work of the Spirit in us to empower that simple trust and obedience in us.

Merry Christmas.

Roastbusters and Us (Chris Spark)

The last couple of weeks have been intense on the societal reflection front. The Roastbusters scandal has had so much said about it, so much about what it shows about our society, it is hard to know whether to say anything else.

A few things seem clear about our society from all of it:

We do have a sexual violence issue. That is not new, but I guess at least it is being talked about, and maybe more will be done to help victims of sexual violence and coercion, if some of the petitions and other voices are taken seriously.

We do have an alcohol issue. That is not new.

We do have a culture so over-sexualised that young women (and others) can be thought of as ‘things’ rather than precious people made in the image of God, dehumanised in their perceived status as sexual commodities to be ‘taken’ (even without consent) or ‘won’. That is not new, but it is acute now in a way it may never have been before – this has been painfully brought to the fore by the way these girls were treated, and even the way some young women have themselves spoken about their sexuality in the aftermath. With that, too, perhaps the effects of treating sex the way our culture does will get a little more airtime now. I hope so.

But in reading a few things about this whole horrible incident, in comments made about it and about the messes and scandals surrounding it, it seemed to me one thing was worth saying from a gospel point of view:

We are not that different.

Jesus’ words were rightly enough brought up in one comment I saw about this – where Jesus said in Mark 7:20-23:

"What comes out of a person is what defiles them. 21 For it is from within, out of a person’s heart, that evil thoughts come– sexual immorality, theft, murder, 22 adultery, greed, malice, deceit, lewdness, envy, slander, arrogance and folly. 23 All these evils come from inside and defile a person."

What I don’t think quite came across from the commenter who used this passage though, is the massive implications of this. Namely – these sort of things come out of all of our hearts.

See what I have seen in discussion around this scandal with regards to the perpetrators of this atrocity, the Roastbusters members themselves, has been largely either:

a) defend them or lessen what they have done by shifting the questioning back to the victims. This has received a lot of focus and rightly so – nothing can justify the sort of actions these guys have taken. But that has led most people to…

b) condemn them unequivocally – what they have done is shocking, they should be locked up, society needs people like this taken out of circulation.

But I think in fact a better option, at least for a Christian, is:

c) see myself in them, expressed at my worst.

I have the same stuff in my heart as they do. I am made of the same stuff. The same warping influence of sin exists in my life. I may not have expressed it in this way (I can only thank God for that), but it is all part of the same disease.

That leaves me in no position of distant condemnation. Because as I condemn what they have done (as I must), as I call for justice to be done (as I believe I also must), I am recognising a verdict that has come in on me too. I am guilty – not of this particular crime perhaps, yet I am far from innocent. And that means my call for justice and my condemnation of the actions comes with a recognition that at heart, I am no better.

But, in the beautiful logic of the gospel, it also means I must have hope – hope that these young men may yet turn and see what they have done. Repent. Be forgiven. Be transformed by the only power that can do it – the love and mercy of God through Christ, applied to us by his Spirit.

And I can have hope for these victims, hurt by this acute expression of the sinfulness of the human heart – hope that they too may be restored and strengthened. I have the enormous and harrowing privilege of knowing some victims of sexual violence who have found, and continue to find, just that sort of restoration and healing in Christ. So I have hope.

Hope is one thing that is needed in the light of this sort of disturbing picture of where the sinfulness of the human heart can go. And despite the darkness of this whole thing, because of Christ I think there is good reason to have hope. For all of us.